To the investor, who “puts his money in the ground”, a little knowledge can go a long way. For instance, an investor might some day benefit from knowing that low-temperature mineral deposits, such as most silver orebodies, change quickly with depth or that faulting can play havoc with an orebody.
Geology, the science of the earth, has many branches. We’ll deal here only with those that have direct bearing on finding mines, beginning with a discussion on how mineral deposits form in the Earth’s crust.
The five most abundant elements in the crust are oxygen, silicon, aluminum, iron and calcium. Elements bond together in chemical compounds to form solid crystalline substance known as minerals.
There are many thousands of different minerals, each with a definite chemical composition and crystalline structure. For instance, iron and sulphur combine in a definite ratio to form the yellowish mineral pyrite. Potassium, aluminum, silicon and oxygen combine in a definite ratio to produce the common rock-forming mineral orthoclase.
The common-rock forming minerals, like orthoclase, are almost all silicates – that is, minerals containing silicon and oxygen. Sulphides are minerals with elements chemically bonded to sulphur, whereas oxides have elements bonded with oxygen. The fourth most important mineral group is the carbonates, in which carbon and oxygen are bonded with other elements.
What is the difference between an rock and a mineral? A rock is simply a solid mass of mineral grains. A rock is classified according to the kinds and proportions of minerals it contains.
Where minerals are concentrated in sufficient quantity, the zones or bodies in which they are found are called mineral deposits. Mineralization becomes ore when minerals are present in sufficient quantity, or tonnage, and adequate quality, or grade, to be recovered profitably.
Prospecting & Mining Basics Cooling Process Importance on Mineral Formation Elementary Geology Rock Formations and Structures Mineral Deposits Igneous Rocks Metamorphic Rocks
Zenith Mining Plants & Exports
The crushing plants from Zenith mainly include: aluminum ore crushing line, crushers plants, barite grinding plant, crushing plants, coal crushing plant, stone crusher plants, coal preparation plant, stone crushing plants, gold ore crushing plant, construction aggregate plant, cement grinding plant, granite crushing plants, aluminum ore crushing line, mineral crushing plants, concrete crushing equipment, crusher in south africa, mineral crusher plants, sand making production line, copper ore crusher and mill, iron ore crusher plant, track ballast crushing line, complete grinding plant, coal preparation plant, complete cone crusher
plant, magnetite ore screening plant, flow chart of a crushing plants, mining and crushing plants, crush plants, magnetite ore screening plant, mobile crushing plants, track ballast crushing line, aggregate crushing plant, aggregate plants, iron ore crushing plant, quarry plant , gold processing plant, washing sand plants, track mounted aggregate plants, complete ball mill
grinding unit, complete jaw crusher
plant, nickel crush grinding plant, complete mobie crushing plant, gold ore crushing plant, complete granite crusher plant, antimony ore crusher plant, complete crushing plant.
The machines are exported to all over the world. Vietnam, Nigeria, Kenya, Angola, Congo, Sudan, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Algeria, Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Senegal, Indonesia, zimbabwe, Libya, Mozambique, Colorado, Iran, Nepal, Russia, Puerto Rico, Iraq, Botswana, Venezuela, US-FL, afghanistan, colombia, MAROC, Algeria, Zambia, Cuba, italy, paraguay, Lebanon, Vanuatu, Mongolia, GEORGIA, Canada, Tunisia, Uganda, Namibia, Belgium, Lao PDR, Australia, SYRIA, Bangkok, USA, Poland, Mexico etc. More info about your country, click for instant help!
Basic Geology is required by the Investors and the thousands of people employed by the mining industry don’t need to know as much about the Earth as a geologist does. But they should know at least the basics of geology and have some knowledge of the more common rocks and minerals.